Verbs Nouns Adjectives Participles Followed by Prepositions
- The old man lives on wheat porridge.
- Little birds live on insects.
- Children are fond of sweets.
- This valley is teeming with beautiful flowers.
- The land is divided into two parts.
- She is endowed with a pleasing personality.
- Soldiers are adapted to life in mountains.
- Human beings are liable to make mistakes.
- Our boss is ignorant of good manners.
- The Japanese are famous for their knowledge.
- The joy derived from charity is immeasurable.
- The murderer is confined to a dark all.
- The cry of the baby prevents her from her studies.
- He hints at the cheap products of the company.
- He does not like to be associated with that team.
- Your plan is completely different from mine.
b) Nouns with 'for' after them:
- She has high ambition for social service.
- The children have an aptitude for criticism.
- The students have great esteem for teachers.
- My grandmother has great affection for us.
- He has no serious motive for his act.
c) Nouns which take 'with' after them:
- Wordsworth had amazing acquaintance with nature.
- My mother has a bargain with the street under.
- Akbar had great intimacy with Bhirbal.
- His intelligence has no comparison with that of others.
- Our alliance with America will flourish the trade.
d) Nouns with 'of' after them:
- The bomb blast took place from want of precaution.
- King Edward II earned the distrust of his man.
- He is in charge of the packing section.
- The result of his laziness is his irreparable failure.
- We have a doubt of his honesty.
e) Nouns with 'to' after them:
- There is no alternative to the dismissal of the accountant.
- The teacher's approach to the students is very pleasing.
- The council gave its assent to the new proposal.
- Perseverance is the key to success.
- This is a special preface to his book.
f) The adjectives and participles with 'to' after them:
- His answer is not acceptable to the court.
- The old man is accustomed to deep sleep.
- Her proposal is agreeable to everyone.
- The villagers are congenial to the monk.
- Your answer is irrelevant to the question.
- He was sick prior to the examination.
- This atmosphere is quite favorable to the patients.
- Her problem is related to yours.
- The sight of the victims is painful to us.
- The manager is very loyal to his company.
g) Adjectives and participles with 'of', 'for' and 'with' after them:
- We are very busy with our work.
- They are not aware of the consequence.
- Switzerland is celebrated for its natural beauty.
- She is eligible for this post.
- You should be grateful for the management.
- We are proud of our heritage.
- The child is afraid of darkness.
- I am sorry for my irritable behaviour.
- Are you ready for the examination?
- She was delighted with the birthday gifts.
h) Verbs with 'to', 'from', 'with', 'of', 'for', 'in', and 'on' after them:
- You should adhere to honesty.
- The house belongs to William.
- The boy prefers orange to apple.
- This lane leads to the lake.
- You should abstain from smoking.
- The faithful dog protected the child from danger.
- The murderer escaped from the prison.
- He ceased from insulting others.
- I cannot bear with the troublesome child.
- We should comply with the laws of the land.
- My interests coincide with my friend's.
- You should be beware of thieves.
- Please dispose of these useless things.
- He died of dengue fever.
- She always cares for the workers.
- I hope for the state rank.
- We wish for a trip to Kashmir.
- I delight in teaching English.
- The applicants for this pool are increasing in number.
- You must not indulge in gossip.
- The parents depend on their son.
- Don't dwell on your past.
i) Some related words with different prepositions:
- We did everything according to our plan.
- In accordance with legal requirements, you have to submit all these.
- The mother has affection for all her children alike.
- Mother Theresa was affectionate to all.
- You should have confidence in your ability.
- We are confident of winning the match.
- There is great contrast between the two.
- She really is a contrast to her sister.
- My grant mother hindered me from studying medicine.
- Belief in superstition is a hindrance to development.
- We have great respect for his achievements.
- She is respectful to her elders.
- He is partial to some students.
- The society shows partiality for men.
- She has great ambition for social status.
- She is ambitious of social status.
j) It is very interesting to know that infinitive cannot be used with certain words. And you should know that they require a preposition followed by a gerund.
- The tribes helped me in climbing the mountain. (not 'to climb')
- Many students pre addicted to smoking.
- our boss was bent on attending the conference.
- It is a pity that she lost the chance of winning.
- He is confident of becoming a doctor.
- They are desirous of starting business in London.
- The naughty boy is very expert in cheating others.
- The landlord has his own knack of achieving his goal.
- The affection and concern of his family prevent him from leaving home.
- The little boy is tired of writing imposition.
[Note: sometimes both are allowed]
- The watchman is afraid of meeting the principal.
- The watchman is afraid to meet the principal.
- I got the opportunity of going abroad.
- I got the opportunity to go abroad.
k) In some sentences, we have to use infinitives:
- My friend advised me to take caution.
- They expect to meet violence there.
- We hope to win the gold medals.
l) Constructions, which do not need a preposition:
- Where have they gone to? Here, 'to' is not required. So, Where have you gone? - Is correct.
- My uncle is a man of about 50years old. Here, 'of' is not required. My uncle is a man about 50 years old - is correct.
- After having finished her duty, she met me. Here, 'after' is not required. Having finished here duty, she met me - is correct.
m) Some words are not followed by prepositions:
- The board will discuss the issue. - not 'discuss about the issue'.
- Let us order coffee for all. - not 'order for coffee'.
- You have to stress it again. - not 'stress on it'
Hai friends! I hope you are happy, because, you have learned enough of preposition. Not only that. You are now familiar with the main fundamentals of English. I wish that you should be well versed in it. So you just chat with your friends in English; make conversations of different situations; check and correct yourselves.
Once you start it, you will find it easy, and interesting to you. And you will definitely enjoy it. Let us meet in chapter 31 soon with some new parts of speech.
Learning English is earning job opportunities!