When you think of a verb, you should think of its tense also. It is a must for us to learn tenses. There are three tenses namely present tense, past tense and future tense. We will see them in this lesson.
|Angel||Good evening mom!|
|Mother||Good evening my princes, but why are you so late?|
|Angel||We will have a special class, mom.|
|Mother||Ah...ah... What a wonderful English you are talking!|
|Angel||Why mom, Is there any mistake?|
|Mother||yah! Very glaring mistake. You see, your special class was over. So you must say, "we had a special class", ---- that is past tense.|
|Angel||Then, what is the tense I have used?|
|Mother||It is future tense - an action in the future.|
|Angel||Is it mom!|
|Mother||yes my baby. Now listen - what am I doing?
Here 'am doing' is present continuous tense.
your answer is - you are cooking. - an action going on at the time of speaking.
|Angel||My goodness ! How many tenses?|
|Mother||We have three tense. Each tense has four forms.|
|Angel||Wove --- interesting|
|Mother||Now you go and refresh yourself. I shall teach you later.|
|Present tense||Past tense||Future tense|
|A verb that refers to the present time [ a present action ]||A verb that refers to the past time is past tense. [ a past action ]||A verb that refers to the future time is future tense. [ a future action ]|
|We practice the game.||We practiced the game.||We shall/will practice the game.|
|They write a test.||They wrote a test.||They will write a test.|
|He goes home.||He went home.||He will go home.|
|You meet your friend.||You met your friend.||You will meet your friend.|
|I write a poem.||I wrote a poem.||I shall/will write a poem.|
|Wilson teaches English.||Wilson taught English.||Wilson will teach English.|
|She sings a song.||She sang a song.||She will sing a song.|
|Smith starts the project.||Smith started the project.||Smith will start the project.|
|Nisha draws a pictures.||Nisha drew a picture.||Nisha will draw a picture.|
|They win the match.||They won the match.||They will win the match.|
Forms of Tenses
The four forms of each tense are:
- Perfect and
- Perfect continuous.
(1) Simple : The action is simply mentioned.
- I write essays.
- They played football.
- The boys enact a play.
(2) Continuous: The action is going on for sometime. [in the process]
- I am writing essays.
- They were playing football.
- The boys are enacting a play.
(3) Perfect : The action is finished / completed / perfect.
- I have written essays.
- They had played football.
- The boys have enacted a play.
(4) Perfect continuous : The action is going on continuously.
- I have been writing essay.
- They had been playing football.
- The boys have been enacting a play.