The Different Ways of using Certain Comparatives and Superlatives
|Mother||Excuse me, mam! May I come in?|
|Principal||yes, come in.|
|Mother||Good morning, mam.|
|Principal||Good morning, sit down; what can I do for you?|
|Mother||Mam, I need admission in your school for my old son.|
|Mother||Yes! old son.|
|Principal||How many sons do you have?|
|Mother||Two sons, old son is 5 your old, and the junior son is 2 years old|
|Principal||(laughs) you see, you should not say old son and junior son|
|Principal||The first born is elder son|
|Mother||The second one..............?|
|Principal||The younger son. By the by, where are you from?|
|Mother||By the side mam|
|Principal||By the side ...........!?|
|Mother||Yes, your school side|
|Principal||No......No....... you should say next street.|
|Principal||It's o.k. Don't worry, in a few days your son will teach you all these.|
|Principal||Sure! Your son is admitted.|
|Mother||Thank you mam.|
|Principal||You are welcome.|
(I) Later, latter; latest, last:
a) Later and latest are used to refer to refer to a time or situation.
- He was awarded the Nobel Prize later than we expected.
- She was very happy in her later life.
- I have met my friend 15 days later.
- This computer is based on the latest technology.
- She has published her latest novel.
- I got some latest news to tell you.
'Latter' and 'Last' refer to persons or things.
- I met Tom and Keats. The Latter is a poet.
- You can choose the Latter as your specimen.
- The Latter is our new principal.
- John is the Last person to leave the hall.
- The Last event was very interesting.
- Today is the Last date to pay the fees.
Nearest: It refers to distance (Shortest distance)
- The palace is the nearest place for us.
- We try to reach the nearest post office.
- Our street is nearest one to the lake.
Next: It refers to the sequence of things. (One after another)
- What is your next plan?
- She will leave at the next station.
- When is the next flight?
- The next person will be a lucky one.
- The man standing next to her is her father.
There are some comparatives which have no positives and superlatives. They end in '-or' not in '-er'.
The following are used as positive adjectives as they have lost their comparative meaning.
[interior, exterior, ulterior, major, minor]
- The exterior of the building is very beautiful.
- Don't be carried away by the exterior beauty of the house.
- You should paint the interior part of the box.
- Our house has modern interior decoration.
- The major problem of our country is the unemployment problem.
- Major Alan is very brave and intelligent.
- The ministers say it is only a minor problem.
- Don't be brooding over minor issue.
- The court sent him to the juvenile home as he is a minor.
- There may be an ulterior motive for his resignation.
(iii) We have some comparative adjectives which are followed by 'to' instead of 'than':
- Modern music is inferior to the ancient music
- We should not consider any one inferior to us
- This model is superior to that one.
- You should obey your superiors (superior to you )
- Getting consent is prior to starting the project.
- He met all his friends prior to his tour
- The prior is very kind and prayerful (in prior position to others)
- Michael is junior to mary in this office
- Don't tease your junior (junior to you )
- Donald is senior to all other players.
Choose the right answer:
- The_______news is unbelivable. ( later/ latter)
- My _____brother is in America (elder/older).
- This is the ________shop to us (next/nearest).
- I will tell you in detail _______ ( latter/ later).
- He was the ______ man rescued from the floods. (last/ latest).
- The _______ news from the army was a pleading one (last/latest).
- His ________ son is an engineer .(oldest/eldest).
- You are ________ then my daughter.(older/ older).
- We shall than about it in the _____meeting (next/nearest).
- The ______part of the movie is very thrilling.(later/latter).
- His father is the ________ man in our club (oldest/ oldest).
- Do you have any _______news to tell us now ?(latter/later).
- Kind deeds are superior _______ kind words (than /to ).
- I revised all the chapters prior______ the examination .(to/ than).
- The hero is junior _________the heroine ( than/ to ).
- The_______news is unbelivable. ( later/ latter) later
- My _____brother is in America (elder/older).elder
- This is the ________shop to us (next/nearest). Nearest
- I will tell you in detail _______ ( latter/ later). later
- He was the ______ man rescued from the floods. (last/ latest). last
- The _______ news from the army was a pleading one (last/latest). latest
- His ________ son is an engineer .(oldest/eldest).eldest.
- You are ________ then my daughter.(older/ older).older
- We shall than about it in the _____meeting (next/nearest).next
- The ______part of the movie is very thrilling.(later/latter). latter
- His father is the ________ man in our club (oldest/ oldest). oldest
- Do you have any _______news to tell us now ?(latter/later). later
- Kind deeds are superior _______ kind words (than /to ). to
- I revised all the chapters prior______ the examination .(to/ than). to
- The hero is junior _________the heroine ( than/ to ). to