Parts of Speech
Be familiar with the fundamentals of English!
|Joe||Hello! My dear rock star, How do you do now? Are you better?|
|John||Hello, Sir, Good evening! It a pleasant surprise to see you!|
|Joe||Of course! to me too. But my dear boy, It is not, 'It a pleasant surprise'. It is a pleasant surprise.|
|John||Must I use 'is' there, sir?|
|Joe||Definitely, yes! Because, it is the verb. You cannot say/write a sentence without verb.|
|Joe||It is the very important part of speech.|
|John||Part of Speech!?|
|Joe||yes! There are eight parts of speech.|
|John||Eight! Wove! Could you teach me them, Sir?|
|Joe||Sure, boy, But not now. Let's start next week.|
|John||Thank you, Sir.|
Parts of Speech
The words, according to their work in a sentence are called 'Parts of Speech'. They are Eight in number:
Noun is used to name a person, thing, place, animal and quality.
- Matthew is a good boy.
- Victoria is the queen of England.
- Helan of Troy is very beautiful.
- Alfred Tennyson is a poet.
- Solomon is the king of wisdom.
- Singapore is a rich city.
- This table is very big.
- Cricket is an interesting game.
- We saw a lion.
- Honesty is the best policy.
Note : The underlined words are names in common or in particular.
It is used instead of a noun.
- Silvia is a teacher. She teaches us English.
- Russel is a writer. He wrote many essays.
- The actors have arrived. They are ready now.
It says something more about a noun or pronoun.
- Nora is a good dancer.
- I have twenty pencils.
- Shakespeare is a great dramatist.
- He likes the green shirt.
- Austin is an intelligent boy.
It expresses an action or state.
- Bryan played well.
- Violet dances gracefully.
- We met our teacher.
- He is a doctor.
- Olyvia is an astronaut.
- He became an engineer.
It adds to the meaning of a verb, an adjective, another adverb.
- She runs fast. - Verb
- The scenery is very beautiful. - Adjective.
- He solved the problem quite logically. - Adverb.
It shows the relation of the noun or pronoun to something else. (or) shows the place or position of a noun or pronoun.
- The ball is under the table.
- Keep your books in your bag.
- The book is on the table.
It is used to join words/phrases/sentences.
- Keats and Shelley are poets.
- Bruce ran fast but he missed the bus.
It expresses a sudden feeling/mood of the speaker.
- Hurrah! We won the world cup!
- Alas! He is betrayed!
- What a lovely picture!
Check your understanding on Parts of Speech
Mention the part of speech for the underlined words:
- The bear climbs up the tree.
- Obedience makes you a good leader.
- I'll finish it while you sleep.
- Mary went to the market.
- How beautiful is the rain!
- Wordsworth is a great poet.
- You must read fast.
- Robin is an engineer. He is very sincere.